Croatia is a Central European and Mediterranean country, bordering Slovenia in the west, Hungary in the north, Serbia in the east and Bosnia and Herzegovina in the south, as well as a long maritime border with Italy in the Adriatic Sea. These borders total 2,028 km altogether. Croatia has an unusual shape (similar to a croissant) that is unlike any other country in the world, which comes as a result of five centuries of expansion by the Ottoman (Turkish) empire towards Central Europe (although Croatia was never conquered by the Turks).
Top Facts on Croatia
- Population 4.29 million (2011 census)
- Capital Zagreb
- Other main cities (by population) Split, Rijeka, Osijek
- Language Croatian, using Latin alphabet
- Currency Kuna (100 Lipa = 1 Kuna)
- Area 56,691 square kilometres
- Main religion Roman Catholic
- Main ethic group Croatian (almost 90% of the population is Croatian)
Croatia covers a land area of 56,691 square kilometres and has a population of about 4.29 million people (2011 census). Almost 90% of the population is Croat (the majority of whom are Roman Catholics), but there are also Serbian, Bosnian, Hungarian and Italian minorities. The main population centres are Zagreb, the capital (with a population of just under 800,000), Osijek in the northeast (population: 107,000), and the ports of Rijeka (population: 128,000) on the northern part of the coastline, and Split (population: 178,000) towards the south. Other well known towns include Dubrovnik, Makarska, Porec, Rovinj, Opatija, Zadar and Sibenik.
The official language is Croatian which is written in the Latin script.
COASTLINE AND CLIMATE
Croatia has an amazing 5,835km of coastline, 4,057km of which belongs to islands, cliffs and reefs. There are 1,185 islands in the Adriatic, but only about 50 are populated. The largest island is Krk (near Rijeka) which has a land area of 462 square km, whilst the country's other well known islands include Hvar, Brac, Korcula and Pag.
The climate is Mediterranean along the Adriatic coast, meaning warm dry summers and mild winters, with 2,600 hours of sunlight on average yearly - it is one of the sunniest coastlines in Europe! The interior of the country has a continental climate with hot summers and cold, snowy winters.
SOME OF OUR BEAUTIFUL PLACES
Zagreb has culture, arts, music, architecture, gastronomy and all the other things that make a quality capital city – it's no surprise that the number of visitors has risen sharply in the last couple of years. Croatia's coastal attractions aside, Zagreb has finally been discovered as a popular city-break destination in its own right.
...the city that lives in slow motion you'll soon adapt to. The feeling that every day is a holiday, squares, restaurants and bars crowded with people and, of course, the city promenade "Riva" refreshed by the wind "maestral" in the summer and in the winter bathed in the Mediterranean sun and protected from the cold by its "coat" - the palace.
The city was founded in the 7th c. and it is now surrounded by the fortress wall 2 km long. Through its history Dubrovnik, with its beauty, always attracted and fascinated numerous inquisitives, travellers, adventurers and others, as it does even today. Numerous cultural sights, clear sea, friendly hosts and local specialities will make your stay in Dubrovnik unforgettable.
Opatija, this elegant tourist destination, lies at the centre of the Riviera with the longest tradition of tourism in Croatia. Its favourable geographic position, enabling its warm seas to be quickly reached from many cities in Central Europe, lush green scenery and a pleasant climate were some of the main reasons for its founding and the quick development of its tourism.
Pleasant climate, enchanting protected nature, cultural and historical monuments of the 3,000-year-old Zadar on the eve of being included in the UNESCO World Heritage List make it a place where ancient heritage is joined with modern attractions such as the Sea Organ. You will understand immediately why 70 percent of 1,5 million tourists coming to this region yearly always come back.
Šibenik is a historic town in Croatia, located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic sea. Šibenik is a political, educational, industrial, transport and tourist centre of Šibenik-Knin county. The central church in Šibenik, the Cathedral of St James, is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The city of Trogir is a living museum city. Lovers of historic monuments, works of art, indigenous buildings and beautiful streets will enjoy Trogir tremendously. There, they will come face to face with opulent and layered architectural heritage, from the Romanic courtyard to modern interiors.
Varaždin is a town full of tradition, history and rich cultural heritage. The Old Town (fortress) is an example of medieval defensive buildings. The Old Town is one of the biggest monuments in the city of Varaždin and one of its biggest tourist attractions.
Samobor is one of the earliest tourist resorts in the region, with the first tourist facilities dating back to 1810, welcoming anglers, hunters and hikers. The town's beautiful surroundings and vicinity of the capital have made it a favourable tourist attraction to the present day.
Situated in the canyon of the beautiful Cetina river, it is surrounded by massive gorges. In the past it was widely known for its pirates whose ships were, for foreign conquerors, the synonym of revenge, courage and strength for centuries. Their strength is now decanted into the authentic songs of the Omis vocal groups.
It is a tourist centre, located on a horseshoe shaped bay between the Biokovo mountains and the Adriatic Sea. The city is noted for its palm-fringed promenade, hionable cafes, bars and boutiques overlook the pretty harbour where many pleasure craft are moored.
Today, the town of Hvar with its rich and tempestuous history is one of the most visited locations and must-see destinations on the Adriatic tourist map. Besides the mentioned, elongated harbor reaching for the sea and the Pakleni Islands, the unique and agreeable healing climate, many beaches, restaurants, and clubs give this island a century and a half long rich tradition in tourism.
Ogulin is a town in north-western Croatia, in Karlovac County. Ogulin is known for its historic stone castle Kula, and the nearby mountain of Klek.